Central Bank of Nigeria Authorizes Freely Floating Forex Rates, Unifying Exchange Rates”

In a significant development, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has given the green light to commercial banks and forex market dealers to freely sell foreign exchange at market-determined rates. This move is in line with President Bola Tinubu’s commitment to unifying the multiple exchange rates in the Nigerian market. While the official confirmation is awaited, this step suggests a shift towards a freely floating exchange rate system in the country.

Unifying Exchange Rates:

Nigeria has long grappled with multiple exchange rates, causing confusion and inefficiencies in the forex market. The existence of different rates has created opportunities for arbitrage and speculative activities. Recognizing the need for a more transparent and efficient system, President Tinubu made a pledge to unify these rates and bring about a market-driven approach.

CBN’s Authorization:

The CBN’s recent authorization allows commercial banks and forex market dealers to sell foreign exchange freely, based on market-determined rates. This means that the rates will now be determined by the forces of supply and demand, rather than being fixed or controlled by the central bank. The move signifies a step towards a more flexible and market-oriented approach to foreign exchange transactions in Nigeria.

Benefits of a Freely Floating Exchange Rate:

A freely floating exchange rate system offers several advantages. Firstly, it promotes transparency and fairness in the forex market, as rates are determined by market dynamics and not influenced by arbitrary decisions. Secondly, it encourages foreign investment by providing a predictable and stable currency environment. Additionally, it reduces the risks associated with exchange rate fluctuations, benefiting both businesses and individuals engaged in international trade.

Awaiting Official Confirmation:

While the CBN’s authorization marks a significant development, it is important to await official confirmation. The Financial Markets Dealers Quotations (FMDQ) will provide data later in the day, which will serve as a concrete indication of the shift towards a freely floating exchange rate system. Investors, businesses, and the general public are eagerly anticipating this confirmation, as it will provide greater clarity and certainty in the forex market.


The recent decision by the Central Bank of Nigeria to allow commercial banks and forex market dealers to sell foreign exchange freely at market-determined rates signifies a move towards a unified and market-oriented exchange rate system. This step aligns with President Bola Tinubu’s commitment to address the multiple exchange rates prevalent in Nigeria. While awaiting official confirmation, the move holds the promise of greater transparency, efficiency, and stability in the Nigerian forex market, benefiting both domestic and international stakeholders.

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